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M323 Ellin (Joseph and Nancy) Freedom Summer Collection

Object Type: Collection
In Collection: Historical Manuscripts and Photographs Digital Collection



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From the Ellin (Joseph and Nancy) Freedom Summer Collection; Statement by James Farmer, National Director of the Congress of Racial Equality (CORE), issued on May 17, 1965, in support of the Congressional Challenge of the Mississippi Freedom Democratic Party (MFDP)" Pledges the support of CORE for the challenge and explains the importance of the effort.

From the Ellin (Joseph and Nancy) Freedom Summer Collection; Statement by John Lewis, Chairman of the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC), issued on May 17, 1965, in support of the Congressional Challenge of the Mississippi Freedom Democratic Party (MFDP)" Discusses the issues of the challenge, and pledges the full support of SNCC.

From the Ellin (Joseph and Nancy) Freedom Summer Collection; Typewritten letter from Lawrence Guyot, Chairman of the Mississippi Freedom Democratic Party (MFDP) to friends of the party, dated May 24, 1965. The letter serves as a briefing on a press conference recently held by the MFDP announcing new participants in the Congressional Challenge, including James Farmer of the Congress of Racial Equality (CORE), John Lewis of the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC), and Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr., of the Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC)" Also discusses the attempts by Mississippi congressmen to delay the challenge, increased support for the challenge from other organizations, and the progress of the Voter Registration Bill.

From the Ellin (Joseph and Nancy) Freedom Summer Collection; "A Call to Action" issued by the Commission on Religion and Race of the National Council of Churches, requesting the support of churches for the Congressional Challenge effort led by the Mississippi Freedom Democratic Party (MFDP)" The challenge is explained in relation to the United States Constitution. The Voting Rights bill is also explained, and the stance taken by activists in Mississippi is also discussed.

From the Ellin (Joseph and Nancy) Freedom Summer Collection; Report issued by the Mississippi Freedom Democratic Party (MFDP), dated July 7, 1965. Discusses the struggles, progress, and plans of the party with regard to the Congressional Challenge. The arguments of lawyers for the accused Congressmen and the reaction of the MFDP to those arguments are discussed. Delays in progress are noted, as well as an incident in which ten Mississippians were arrested while attempting to see the Clerk of the House of Representatives. The efforts of other organizations in support of the challenge are noted, specifically those of the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC)" A summary of the briefing is given at the end of the report.

From the Ellin (Joseph and Nancy) Freedom Summer Collection; Voter registration statistics of African Americans and whites in five congressional districts in Mississippi, 1961. A letter to groups supporting the Mississippi Freedom Democratic Party (MFDP) is attached, as is a sample petition. A sample pledge card, like those to be distributed to congressmen in an effort to solidify their support for the Congressional Challenge, is also included.

From the Ellin (Joseph and Nancy) Freedom Summer Collection; Memo from the Washington office of the Mississippi Freedom Democratic Party (MFDP) to supporting organizations, dated August 30, 1965. Requests that supporters of the MFDP lobby their congressmen on behalf of the Congressional Challenge, in an effort to stimulate action on the issue during the current session of Congress. Includes a statement in support of the MFDP by Congressman William F. Ryan.

From the Ellin (Joseph and Nancy) Freedom Summer Collection; Typewritten letter from Lawrence Guyot, dated September 28, 1965, in which he reports that the challenge of the 1964 Congressional election in Mississippi was dismissed by Congress. According to Guyot, Congress found that the challengers did not have the legal authority to challenge the election, and further stated that the Voting Rights Act would correct and prevent any future corruptions in the voting system in Mississippi.

From the Ellin (Joseph and Nancy) Freedom Summer Collection; Copy of the newsletter for the Mississippi Freedom Democratic Party (MFDP) for January 1966. Includes a report of a visit by Representative Joseph Resnick (D-NY) to Mississippi. A member of the House Agricultural Committee, Resnick heard complaints regarding the recent Agricultural Stabilization and Conservation Service (ASCS) elections. The newsletter also provides a brief background on the ASCS as well as reports on plans for voter registration drives, acts of harassment, boycotts, and evictions of sharecroppers and tenant farmers in the Mississippi Delta.

From the Ellin (Joseph and Nancy) Freedom Summer Collection; Memo from Victoria Jackson Gray (Adams) to friends and supporters of the Mississippi Freedom Democratic Party (MFDP), dated February 10, 1966. Describes the current situation in the Mississippi Delta where hundreds of African-American agricultural workers were released from their jobs, leaving them without income and housing. Gray describes the migration of a group of these homeless people to an abandoned Greenville Air Base, from which they were evicted by police, and then to Tribbett. She asks for help from supporters of the MFDP, and includes a list of demands written by the group while they were at the Greenville Air Base.

From the Ellin (Joseph and Nancy) Freedom Summer Collection; Report by the Mississippi Freedom Democratic Party (MFDP) describing the political and economic situation in Sunflower County, Mississippi. Includes a summary of the Fifth Circuit Court of Appeals' decision in 1966 regarding municipal elections in Sunflower County, as well as a description of the MFDP plan to run candidates for local offices. A brief section is dedicated to the Sunflower County poverty program.

From the Ellin (Joseph and Nancy) Freedom Summer Collection; Press release by the Mississippi Freedom Democratic Party (MFDP), dated April 4, 1966, titled "Six Candidates File to Run in the State Democratic Party Primary." The statement announces the plans of the MFDP to run six candidates for Congress in the June 1966 election and gives a brief biography of the candidates. Those involved include: Rev. Clifton R. Whitley, Ralthus Hayes, Rev. Ed King, Rev. Clint Collier, and Lawrence Guyot.

From the Ellin (Joseph and Nancy) Freedom Summer Collection; Statement issued by candidates of the Mississippi Freedom Democratic Party (MFDP) Clifton Whitley, Ralthus Hayes, Edwin King, Clinton Collier, and Lawrence Guyot, announcing their separation from the Democratic Party of Mississippi. They cite the Democratic Party's support of white supremacy, segregation, and "Separate but Equal" policies as grounds for their action. They also state their refusal to comply with Mississippi Code Section 3129.

From the Ellin (Joseph and Nancy) Freedom Summer Collection; Statement issued by Clifton Whitley, Ralthus Hayes, Edwin King, Clinton Collier, and Lawrence Guyot of the Mississippi Freedom Democratic Party (MFDP) in opposition of Mississippi Code, Section 3129. The law stated that candidates for public office must support the platform of the party with which they are running, as well as the winners of the primary elections within their party. Includes excerpts from resolutions passed at the 1964 Mississippi Democratic Party state convention.

From the Ellin (Joseph and Nancy) Freedom Summer Collection; Report by the Mississippi Freedom Democratic Party (MFDP) describing the progress made in Sunflower County, Mississippi, with regard to the decision of the Fifth Circuit Court of Appeals to nullify the municipal elections of the previous year. Also discusses the poverty program, federal registers, federal protection for African-American political activists, Congressional campaigns, and the MFDP candidates' contest of Mississippi Code Section 3129.

From the Ellin (Joseph and Nancy) Freedom Summer Collection; Bulletin released by the Mississippi Freedom Democratic Party (MFDP) regarding the June 7, 1966, primary elections. Discusses the increased violence against African Americans in Mississippi and the activities of the Ku Klux Klan. The MFDP has called for an increase in the federal presence in the state to protect African Americans who are attempting to register and vote. Also mentions the party's efforts to have the up-coming election postponed until more African Americans in Mississippi have registered to vote.

Transcribed copy of a Mississippi Freedom Democratic Party (MFDP) report of the results of the June 7, 1966, primary elections in Mississippi. Although the MFDP candidates did not win the primaries, members of the party were encouraged by the large numbers of African-American voters. Mentions the intention of MFDP candidates to run on the Independent ticket in the general election, and the shooting of James Meredith during the March against Fear.

Brochure from the Ellin (Joseph and Nancy) Freedom Summer Collection; Brochure prepared by the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC) created to inform supporters of activities and intentions for the development of the Mississippi Freedom Project. Contains information about the following programs developed by SNCC: voter registration, freedom schools, community centers, a research project, a white community project, and a legal project. The final page offers suggestions for donation amounts and how monetary contributions will be used.

Booklet from the Ellin (Joseph and Nancy) Freedom Summer Collection; Booklet published by the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC) in an effort to inform the public about a piece of legislation intended to inflict genocide upon African Americans in the state of Mississippi. The booklet includes a formal definition of genocide, according to the Genocide Convention of the United States. The bill would make it punishable by law for unmarried women to give birth to children in the state of Mississippi. Those convicted could be sentenced to no less than 1 year and no more than 3 years for the first offense, and up to 5 years for the second offense.

From the Ellin (Joseph and Nancy) Freedom Summer Collection; Letter from the staff of the Mississippi Freedom Project to volunteers and friends, written on about October 24, 1964. Discusses the increasing incidents of police misconduct and violence aimed at African Americans in McComb, Mississippi. Asks readers for immediate help in securing greater federal support and protection to ensure the safety of African Americans.

From the Ellin (Joseph and Nancy) Freedom Summer Collection; Essay written in 1964 about the Mississippi Freedom Schools and their importance to the civil rights movement. Discusses the current educational situation in Mississippi schools and how Freedom Schools aim to fill in the gaps left by the educational system provided by the state for African-American children. Curriculum includes a wide variety of subjects, including remedial work in reading, math and basic grammar, seminars in political science and history, humanities, journalism, and creative writing. Also mentions the introduction of a bill to the Mississippi State Legislature requiring all schools in the state to be properly licensed. Includes a list of materials needed for the Freedom Schools, as well as drop-off points for donations.

From the Ellin (Joseph and Nancy) Freedom Summer Collection; Memorandum composed by the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC) in an effort to recruit volunteers and solicit financial support for the Mississippi Summer Project of 1964. Provides a brief history of the organization, as well as its objectives for the upcoming Summer Project. Major areas of activity included: Freedom Schools, community centers, voter registration, and special projects.

From the Ellin (Joseph and Nancy) Freedom Summer Collection; News release by the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC), dated May 26, 1964, and titled "Whites Organize to Oppose Mississippi Summer Project." Statement warns those participating in the summer project of the increase in white supremacist organizations in Mississippi as well as acts of violence by such groups, like the Ku Klux Klan. Civil rights workers coming to Mississippi should expect more organized opposition than originally anticipated.

From the Ellin (Joseph and Nancy) Freedom Summer Collection; Memo, presumably written by the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC), dated June 22, 1964, regarding the disappearance of three civil rights workers in Mississippi. James Chaney, Andrew Goodman, and Michael Schwerner traveled from Meridian to Philadelphia, in Neshoba County, Mississippi, to investigate the bombing of Mt. Zion Church when they disappeared. This memo describes the circumstances surrounding their disappearance and the actions of local law enforcement officials regarding the situation.

From the Ellin (Joseph and Nancy) Freedom Summer Collection; Detailed outline of the programs developed by the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC), an organization of concerned and committed students working together to promote civil rights. Details the various materials needed and offers suggestions for starting campus SNCC groups nationwide.

From the Ellin (Joseph and Nancy) Freedom Summer Collection; List of bombings that occurred in Mississippi from June 16 to October 4, 1964. Prepared by the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC), the incidents of violence are listed in order of date and location.

From the Ellin (Joseph and Nancy) Freedom Summer Collection; Memo from Betty Garman (Robinson), Northern Coordinator for the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC), to friends of SNCC, campus contacts and others, dated October 27, 1964. Reports that eighteen civil rights workers are in jail in McComb, Mississippi, and that many others were arrested. Those in jail have remained there in protest to show the lack of involvement on the part of the federal government in the civil rights movement in Mississippi. This memo was sent in an effort to solicit support for a public opinion campaign, including letter writing and telephone chains, for increased participation of the federal government in ensuring the safety of civil rights workers.

From the Ellin (Joseph and Nancy) Freedom Summer Collection; Memo from Betty Garman (Robinson), Atlanta SNCC office, to friends of the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC) and campus contacts, dated October 28, 1964. Garman reports that the eighteen people jailed in McComb, Mississippi - voter registration workers and prospective applicants - have been released and all charges against them dropped. Five of those jailed reported some form of physical abuse while in jail. FBI officials were present in McComb, but reported to be inactive. Garman urges the formation of protest campaigns to inform others of this situation.

From the Ellin (Joseph and Nancy) Freedom Summer Collection; Memo from Jon Else, presumably of the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC) to all college contacts, dated November 1, 1964. Labeled "Urgent," the memo encourages immediate action in the form of telegrams to Democratic leaders and expanded media coverage. According to Else, the up-coming national election provides an opportunity to draw national attention to the racial and political situation in Mississippi.

From the Ellin (Joseph and Nancy) Freedom Summer Collection; An extensive list of incidents of violence and discrimination in Mississippi in October 1964. The last page of the document lists the officers of the Mississippi Freedom Democratic Party (MFDP)" Also included is the text of a telegram, dated October 30, 1964, which was sent to the Chairman of the Democratic National Convention by the Chairman of the MFDP in protest of unfair campaign practices.

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