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Oral history.; Interview conducted on July 5, 1982 with the Honorable Thad Chochran, United States Senator from the state of Mississippi. The interviewer is Dr. Orley B. Caudill. At the time of the recording, Thad Cochran was the junior United States Senator from Mississippi, the first republican from Mississippi elected to the senate since Reconstruction. These recordings span over three meetings totaling more than eight hours of interview time covering many aspects of Cochran's life and career, including his family, early life, education, and his service in the Navy. The interview also regards Cochran's career as an attorney, running for office, his time in the House of Representatives and subsequently the Senate.
Oral history.; Interview conducted on October 28, 1993 with Judge Michael L. Carr (born 1920). He moved to Mississippi when he received an appointment to serve as law clerk to Edwin R. Holmes, U.S. circuit judge for the Fifth Circuit Court of Appeals. Carr entered private law practice in Brookhaven, Mississippi, in 1951 and has lived there ever since. He was elected district attorney of the Fourteenth Judicial District in 1955 and served seven years. In 1962, he was elected chancellor of the Fifteenth Chancery Court District of Mississippi. He retired in 1990 when he was designated chancellor, senior status.
Oral history.; Interview conducted on August 17, 1977 with Mrs. Betty Carter at her home in Greenville, Mississippi. Carter was born in New Orleans, Louisiana. She attended Newcomb College where she met her husband, Hodding Carter. Together they established two newspapers and purchased the third. In their first newspaper, The Courier, established in Hammond, Louisiana, the Carters were known for opposing Huey P. Long. Opposing Long led to the downfall of the Carters' first newspaper and their move out of Louisiana. Betty Carter served as the first advertising manager of their second newspaper, The Delta Star. The Carters eventually bought out the other local paper in Greenville, Mississippi to create the Delta Democrat Times. During the civil rights movement in the South, their paper became a voice of moderation in the South. This policy forced Carter and her husband to live under threats and in a state of tension for years.
Oral history.; Eddie Carthan taught school at Durant Attendance Center and at Saints College in Lexington, Mississippi, and has owned and operated several businesses in Tchula, Mississippi. He also worked for the United States Department of Commerce in the Office of Minority Business Enterprise as a business developer. He was elected to the Holmes County School Board in 1972. In 1979, he was elected mayor of Tchula and served two terms. He was the first African American elected to the position.
Oral history.; An interview conducted on May 12, 2008 with Julia Caruso, a retired teacher who lives in Waveland, MS. She discusses Hurricane Katrina's devastation on the area as well as its impact on her family and close friends.
Oral history.; Ron Carver was born in 1946 in Boston and was in high school when he became aware of the struggle for civil rights going on in Mississippi. After graduation, he decided to get involved and he volunteered as an assistant to Julian Bond in the SNCC (Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee) office in Atlanta, Georgia. At the end of the summer, he decided to go to Mississippi. Carver canvassed from door to door in black communities, working primarily in North Mississippi, assisting black citizens in registering to vote, organizing mass meetings, identifying issues deemed important by local people, recruiting for the Freedom Democratic Party, taking part in Freedom Days, and other civil rights activities. Carver left Mississippi to matriculate as a freshman at Columbia University.
Oral history.; Interview conducted on March 15, 1994 with Troy Catchings, Jr. (born 1942). In 1966, he began working with Coahoma Opportunities, Inc. (COI), an antipoverty agency that serves the African-American and poor white communities of Clarksdale and Coahoma County. In his more than thirty years with COI, Catchings has served as technical assistant and worked with the adult education program. At the time of this interview, he was director of COI.
Oral history.; Jean Chamberlain is an African-American who grew up in rural North Mississippi in the 1950s and 1960s. She experienced school consolidation in the public schools, and then she attended Tougaloo, a predominantly black college. In this interview she recalls her family, her childhood, and the evolution of her awareness of the civil rights movement. She assesses the progress and lack thereof that we have made in granting equal civil rights to all U.S. citizens regardless of race.
Oral history.; Interview conducted April 17, 2001 in Claiborne County. O'Neal Chambers was born July 30, 1910 in Lorman, Mississippi. He completed his education at Rosenwald School and Watson Chapel. Throughout his career, Chambers worked as a farmer, as a deck hand for the box factory, and in the logging industry. He also served as a medic in the US Army from 1941 to 1945, reaching the rank of corporal.
Oral history.; Discusses the curricula, teachers and administrators, and recreational activities, including school sports at the African American schools. Compares the schools of the 1990s to those of the past, and describes the African American community in Hattiesburg, Mississippi during the 1920s and 1930s.
Oral history.; Interview conducted October 8, 2009 with Hollee Cheek. Cheek was born February 3, 1984 in Jackson, Mississippi. After attending Kosciusko Public Schools, she earned a degree in Marketing Communications from the University of Mississippi in 2006.
Oral history.; Interview conducted October 8, 2009 with Hollis Randolph Cheek. Cheek was born February 9, 1983 in Jackson, Mississippi. He attended the Kosciusko District Schools and graduated from East Holmes Academy. He went on to earn a degree in Risk Management and Insurance from Mississippi State University in 2006.
Oral history.; An interview conducted on March 14, 2007 with Richard Chenoweth, Jr., owner of Scranton's Restaurant in Pascagoula, MS. He describes his preparations for and experiences during Hurricane Katrina on the Gulf Coast.
Oral history.; Interview with Charles Chiplin conducted on June 25, 1999. Charles K. Chiplin was born in 1947 in Vicksburg, Mississippi. He participated in many aspects of the Vicksburg civil rights movement, as an attendee at the Democratic National Convention in Atlantic City when the Mississippi Freedom Democratic Party challenged the Mississippi Democrats. He also worked with the Council of Federated Organizations (COFO), the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC), the Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC), as well as the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP).
Oral history.; An interview conducted on February 21, 2007 with Ruth Christian, who describes losing her home to Hurricane Katrina and the struggles that ensued after the storm on the Mississippi Gulf Coast.
Oral history.; Eugene Lawrence Christy was born in 1930, in Gulfport, Mississippi. Christy graduated from Thirty-third Avenue High School. In 1951 he was drafted into the military during the Korean War. Upon returning home he began working at the Veterans Administration Hospital in dietetics. In 1961, he was called up from reserve status at the time of the Berlin crisis. In 1983, after serving thirty-two years, he retired from the military as a first sergeant. After thirty-six years at his second career as a nurse's aide at both the Biloxi and the Gulfport VA Hospitals, Mr. Christy retired.
Oral history.; An interview conducted on May 12, 2006 with Victoria Cintra. Ms. Cintra discusses the problem of the exploitation of immigrant labor in the aftermath of Hurricane Katrina.
Oral history.; Alyce Griffin Clarke was born in Yazoo City, Mississippi. She was raised in Belzoni, where she graduated from McNair High School. She completed her undergraduate education at Alcorn State University and went on to earn a master's degree in nutrition from Tuskegee University. She became interested in politics while serving as director of nutrition services at Jackson Hinds Comprehensive Health Center. In March of 1985, she became the first African American woman elected to the Mississippi House of Representatives. She served on the committees of Ethics, Education, Public Health, Ways and Means, Universities and Colleges, Performance Evaluation and Expenditure Review, Judiciary B, Judiciary En Banc, and Juvenile Justice.
Oral history.; Interview conducted on June 10, 1994 with Fred Clark Sr. (born 1943). Mr. Clark grew up in the segregated society of Jackson, Mississippi. He was educated in Jackson, attending Smith Robertson Elementary School, Rowan Junior High, Holy Ghost Catholic School, Lanier High, and Jackson State University. His employment has included professional golf caddy, construction worker, teacher, security guard, park ranger, deputized U.S. Marshal, and assistant prison policeman. His interests include: church, community leadership, baseball in Mississippi, family life, education, and politics.
Oral history.; Georgia Clark was born in Durant, Mississippi in Holmes County in 1923. She grew up on on the Harvey Bristol plantation where her father was a sharecropper. Clark attended school up to eighth grade and married at the age of 16. She began doing domestic work after the birth of her first child. In 1963 she began to hear about the civil rights movement and workers asked Clark if she would like to register to vote. In 1976 Clark ran successfully for election commissioner in district two of Holmes County.
Oral history.; Interview conducted with Obie Clark on September 30, 1997. Clark was born October 31, 1932, near DeKalb, Mississippi. He earned a degree from Mississippi Industrial College and took courses at the University of Minnesota. For many years he taught school in Meridian, Mississippi. During the 1960s, he became active with the NAACP and worked for school desegregation. Mr. Clark continues to live in Meridian where he operates a funeral home.
Oral history.; Interview conducted March 13, 1999. Mr. Obie Clark was born in 1932 near Dekalb, Mississippi. He graduated from Mississippi Industrial College and taught school in Meridian, Mississippi. During the 1960s, he was active with the NAACP and school desegregation.
Oral history.; Interview conducted April 24, 2010 in Biloxi, Mississippi at the Episcopal Church of the Redeemer.Discusses growing up on the coast during the civil rights movement, Dr. Gilbert Mason, Medgar Evers, and the experience of the Biloxi Beach Wade-Ins. Describes community efforts to save Nichols High School.
Oral history.; Four interviews conducted on October 1, 2, and 23 of 1975, and July 1, 1976 with Mr. Hugh Clegg at his home in Anguilla, Mississippi. Clegg was born on July 17, 1898 in Mathiston, Mississippi. Clegg graduated from Millsaps College, in Jackson, Mississippi and then went on to George Washington Law School, in Washington, D.C. In 1926, Clegg joined the FBI where he remained for 27 years eventually raising to the position of Assistant Director. After retiring from the FBI in 1954 Clegg accepted a position with the University of Mississippi, in Oxford, Mississippi. Clegg served as Assistant to the Chancellor at Ole Miss during the tumultuous events of the 1960s. The most well known event to occur while Clegg was at Ole Miss was the James Meredith conflict. He explains a plan, which he advanced to enable the two sides to reach agreement without either being embarrassed, but the drastic tactics had already been agreed on.
Oral history.; Interview conducted on November 14, 1995 with Dr. Barry Clemson (born 1941). He attributes his interest in civil rights work in part to his membership in the Church of the Brethren, one of the "key civil rights churches." Clemson was recruited as a Freedom Summer volunteer while attending Pennsylvania State University. He went to the training session in Oxford and was assigned to Biloxi, where the majority of his time was dedicated to voter registration and record-keeping.
Oral history.; Interview conducted on July 12, 1973 with Mr. Jerry Clower at his office in Yazoo City, Mississippi. Howard Gerald Clower was born in 1926 at Route Four, Liberty, Mississippi. After graduating from high school, he joined the U.S. Navy. On completion of his service, Clower went on with his education earning a degree in Agronomy from Mississippi State University. In 1954, he became a salesman for Mississippi Chemical Corporation of Yazoo City, Mississippi where he worked for the next seventeen years. Clower was known for his witty anecdotes and humorous personality. In 1971, someone suggested that Clower record some of his stories. After signing a recording contract with Decca Recording Company, his first record climbed to eleventh on Billboard's chart. Since then he has recorded several more albums, made countless personal appearances, and became a regular on the Grand Ole Opry.
Oral history.; Interview conducted on October 21, 1996 with Mr. Charles Cobb (born 1943) in Washington, D.C. In the summer of 1962, he was a Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC) field secretary in Ruleville, Mississippi, where he and others became engaged in voter registration, in adult education, and in designing or adapting standardized methods to meet the requirements of teaching working poor and sharecroppers to read. In the fall of 1963, Cobb wrote the prospectus for what became the Freedom Schools, which many see as the greatest accomplishment of Freedom Summer (1964).
Oral history.; Interview conducted December 14, 1995 in Blue Mountain, Mississippi, at Cobb's home. She discusses growing up during the civil rights movement, memories of Freedom Summer, and the battle over school integration. She also discusses her introduction to and continued involvement in civil rights activism.
Oral history.; Interview conducted on February 2, 1976 with James Cohen (born 1920). Mr. Cohen was born in rural Forrest County, Mississippi in 1920. Although poor, his widowed mother helped him attend college after he graduated valedictorian from DePriest High School in Palmer's Crossing. He earned his pharmacy degree from Xavier University in New Orleans and returned to Hattiesburg in 1953. Mr. Cohen has been active in the Boy Scouts, the NAACP, and the Head Start Program.
Oral history.; An interview conducted on February 18, 2009 with Chris Colby. Father Colby is rector of Trinity Church in Pass Christian, Mississippi.